Built by the brave Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1648, in the remembrance of her beloved wife Mumtaz and since then, it was also known as Mumtaz Mahal. She was a true emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage and got apart after her demise in 1631 while giving birth to the great heir to the Mughal Dynasty.
The plans for building the complex have been attributed to various architects of the period, and probably choose an Indian of Persian descent, Ustad Ahmad Lahori who stood as the chief architect of the grand Taj Mahal. The complex featuring the main five elements- main entrance gate, Mosque, Jawab (meaning answer; a building mirroring the mosque), square Persian-styled gardens, and mausoleum which includes its four minarets were designed as a unified entity and which was later listed under one of the Great Wonders in the World.
The construction of the building commenced in 1632, and the entire complex got ready in 1947 including all decoration work. More than 20,000 skilled workers and labor were called from India, the Ottoman Empire, Europe, and Persia to complete the Mausoleum that stretched in an area of about 42-acre or 17-hectare with a building time spanned of 22 years.
According to history, it is believed that Shah Jahan intended to build another mausoleum across the Yamuna River to bury his own remains but it did not happen. He spent the rest of his life imprisoned in Agra Fort. In 1658, he was deposed by his son Aurangzeb next to his beloved wife in Taj Mahal’s entrance to state- “O soul, you are at rest. Return to the Lord in peace with him, and he is at peace with you.”